Facial Retraining – Therapy
It has been suggested that electrical stimulation may interfere with neural regeneration post peripheral nerve injury 24,25 and studies proving its efficacy with facial muscles are lacking in the e-stim for facial muscles. Effect of tongue strength training using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument in stroke patients with dysphagia. The value of adding transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation VitalStim to traditional therapy for post-stroke dysphagia: However, most studies have reported applying it on the swallowing-related muscles located on the front side of the neck in patients with pharyngeal dysphagia to examine the effects on swallowing function 45.
All patients were more than 18 months post injury to control for spontaneous recovery effect. Differences in orofacial muscle strength according to age and sex in East Asian healthy adults. Support Center Support Center. After comprehensive evaluation, one group was trained with EMG and mirror feedback, while the second group used mirror feedback alone. The effects of e-stim for facial muscles electrical stimulation on pharyngeal transit time.